India’s wildlife is matchless. In richness, type and abundance it has hardly ever any parallel. India’s nice latitudinal unfold, encompassing a extensive range of temperature conditions, makes it wealthy and assorted in flora and fauna.
The western Himalayan region, extending from Kumauni to Kashmir, is made up of three zones — alpine, temperate and cut back. The temperate zone is rich in chirping, deodar, spruce, silver fir and forests of conifers. The alpine zone, which extends from the higher limit of the temperate zone about 4750 meters or even larger, is characterised with the aid of high level silver fir, the silver birch and junipers. The eastern Himalayan region has about 4000 species of flowering crops, along with a few forms of palm. Many laurels, maples, alders, birch, conifers and junipers additionally flourish there. Rhododendrons, dwarf willows and bamboos also abound. Within the Genetic plains, forests of broadly special forms arise however sale forests predominate. The vegetation of Brahmaputra valley of Assam and intervening hills is luxuriant and is characterised by means of tall grass, vast-leaved forests and thick clumps of bamboo.
Hands of many kinds are endemic to the complete table-land of the Indian peninsula. The Malabar area, protecting the west coast and the mountains of the Western Ghats, is rich in tropical vegetation. These forest areas abound in such difficult wood as rose timber, iron wooden, teak and also in countless kinds of delicate wooden and bamboos. Within the outlying islands of Andaman and NICO bar, there are a variety of forests. The number of species of flowering crops in the country is set 15,000. There are about 35,000 non-flowering crops.
The wealthy sort of fauna is in direct relation to the abundance and opulence of the plant life. Both are inter-linked and interdependent in many approaches. The flora is dependent upon the fauna for its fertilization, propagation and spread, while the latter’s existence and survival will depend on the former. There are about 350 species of mammals and 1,200 species of birds. More than 30,000 species of insects, aside from a best style of reptiles and fishes are also determined.
The mammals incorporate the elephant, the Indian bison, Indian buffalo, the blue-bull or nilgai, four-horned antelope, black buck, Indian wild ass, the famed one-horned rhinoceros and many types of deer. Under the big recreation class come the Indian lion, the tiger, the panther, leopard and various species of smaller cats. Many varieties of bears roam the western Himalayas, however simplest a single species of panda is discovered. Several species of monkeys and apes are fashioned. The wild yak inhabits the higher lands of Ladakh.
India could be very rich in hen life also. The Indian peacock, with its tremendous blue plumage, is the national hen. A number of other species, such as geese, pheasants, partridges, jungle chicken, quails, inexperienced pigeons, mynahs, bulbuls, parakeets, hornbills, herons, and cranes, and so forth. Are a familiar sight. The rivers and lakes harbor crocodiles, gharries and a huge type’ of indigenous fish. Trout is fashioned in hill streams and the masher is observed in many of the giant rivers.